This promise was prompted by his concern that Archidamus, who was a friend of his, might pass by his estate without ravaging it, either as a gesture of friendship or as a calculated political move aimed to alienate Pericles from his constituents. Although Cimon was acquitted, this confrontation proved that Pericles' major political opponent was vulnerable. [20], Thucydides (the historian), an admirer of Pericles, maintains that Athens was "in name a democracy but, in fact, governed by its first citizen". 3 1. elle-même. [λ] According to Kagan, Pericles' vehement insistence that there should be no diversionary expeditions may well have resulted from the bitter memory of the Egyptian campaign, which he had allegedly supported. The Ecclesia (the Athenian Assembly) adopted Ephialtes' proposal without opposition. Périclès a marqué toute une époque et a inspiré des jugements contradictoires sur ses décisions importantes. [143] Kagan estimates Pericles' expenditure on his military strategy in the Peloponnesian War to be about 2,000 talents annually, and based on this figure concludes that he would have only enough money to keep the war going for three years. [38] If it was actually made, this bargain would constitute a concession on Pericles' part that he was not a great strategist. Devenu adulte, il s'entoure de penseurs et d'artistes. ISBN. Some of his strongest arguments included in the Introduction of the speech, (Thuc.11.35). [159] Kakridis proposes that it is impossible to imagine Pericles deviating away from the expected funeral orator addressing the mourning audience of 430 after the Peloponnesian war. [43] In 451–450 BC the Athenians sent troops to Cyprus. Remember, too, that if your country has the greatest name in all the world, it is because she never bent before disaster; because she has expended more life and effort in war than any other city, and has won for herself a power greater than any hitherto known, the memory of which will descend to the latest posterity. [12], Pericles belonged to the tribe of Acamantis (Ἀκαμαντὶς φυλή). di kresilas del 450-400 ac ca.jpg 1,564 × 2,900; 2.15 MB. [130] He based his military policy on Themistocles' principle that Athens' predominance depends on its superior naval power and believed that the Peloponnesians were near-invincible on land. He was descended, through his mother, from the powerful and historically-influential Alcmaeonid family. [118] Nonetheless, objections did not undermine Pericles' morale, although he burst into tears to protect Aspasia when she was accused of corrupting Athenian society. Nous intervenons sur les phases stratégiques, organisationnelles et de mise en œuvre. Rather, the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be ours, since we have not left our power without witness, but have shown it by mighty proofs; and far from needing a Homer for our panegyrist, or other of his craft whose verses might charm for the moment only for the impression which they gave to melt at the touch of fact, we have forced every sea and land to be the highway of our daring, and everywhere, whether for evil or for good, have left imperishable monuments behind us. The fact that he was at the same time a vigorous statesman, general and orator only tends to make an objective assessment of his actions more difficult. [39] He then unsuccessfully tried to conquer Oeniadea on the Corinthian gulf, before returning to Athens. [9][54] At this time, however, Athens was seriously challenged by a number of revolts among its subjects. $31.95. Sa vie Merci de m'avoir écouter. Publication Date. [46] Kagan believes that Pericles used Callias, a brother-in-law of Cimon, as a symbol of unity and employed him several times to negotiate important agreements. [6], The democratic party gradually became dominant in Athenian politics, and Pericles seemed willing to follow a populist policy to cajole the public. [1] Through this comment, the historian illustrates what he perceives as Pericles' charisma to lead, convince and, sometimes, to manipulate. Pericles had such a profound influence on Athenian society that he was acclaimed by Thucydides, a contemporary historian, as "the first citizen of Athens". [17], In the spring of 472 BC, Pericles presented The Persians of Aeschylus at the Greater Dionysia as a liturgy, demonstrating that he was one of the wealthier men of Athens. [89] In 433 BC the enemy fleets confronted each other at the Battle of Sybota and a year later the Athenians fought Corinthian colonists at the Battle of Potidaea; these two events contributed greatly to Corinth's lasting hatred of Athens. [167], Nothing was more alien to the Greeks than the notion of a Separation between church and state. 2013628811. Auto Suggestions are available once you type at least 3 letters. [148], Modern commentators of Thucydides, with other modern historians and writers, take varying stances on the issue of how much of the speeches of Pericles, as given by this historian, do actually represent Pericles' own words and how much of them is free literary creation or paraphrase by Thucydides. Ihre zuletzt angesehenen Artikel und besonderen Empfehlungen. In 454 BC he attacked Sicyon and Acarnania. Education; About; What’s On; Become a Member; Visit Us; Wed 11 Apr Making Périclès, Prince de Tyr “Whatever Cheek by Jowl does next constitutes a major happening…” The Guardian. Athènes o'clock. The period during which he led Athens, roughly from 461 to 429 BC, is sometimes known as the "Age of Pericles", but the period thus denoted can include times as early as the Persian Wars or as late as the next century. Périclès avait reçu une très bonne éducation. Enjoy millions of the latest Android apps, games, music, movies, TV, books, magazines & more. MARC View. [53] In 447 BC Pericles engaged in his most admired excursion, the expulsion of barbarians from the Thracian peninsula of Gallipoli, to establish Athenian colonists in the region. 1 (Classic Reprint) (French Edition) (Book) Book Details. The Athenians demanded their immediate surrender, but after the Battle of Coronea, Pericles was forced to concede the loss of Boeotia to recover the prisoners taken in that battle. [126] [116] The name of his first wife is not known; the only information about her is that she was the wife of Hipponicus, before being married to Pericles, and the mother of Callias from this first marriage. Our polity does not copy the laws of neighboring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. The remains of the dead were left in a tent for three days so that offerings could be made. Hence, the historian's hinted assertion that Greek public opinion espoused Sparta's pledges of liberating Greece almost uncomplainingly seems tendentious. Stattdessen betrachtet unser System Faktoren wie die Aktualität einer Rezension und ob der Rezensent den Artikel bei Amazon gekauft hat. Pericles (/ˈpɛrɪkliːz/; Attic Greek: Περικλῆς Periklēs, pronounced [pe.ri.klɛ̂ːs] in Classical Attic; c. 495 – 429 BC) was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during its golden age, specifically the time between the Persian and the Peloponnesian Wars. Naissance vers 495 Plutarch describes these allegations without espousing them. [51] According to one of the decree's most stringent provisions, surplus from a minting operation was to go into a special fund, and anyone proposing to use it otherwise was subject to the death penalty. [110] The exact identity of the disease is uncertain; typhus or typhoid fever are suspected, but this has been the source of much debate. He was implicated in a policy of making constant offerings and of launching huge architectural religious works not only on the Acropolis but also throughout Attica; and, furthermore, he was engaged in such activities at a time when city was introducing profound changes into its religious account of its origins—that is, autochthony—within a context of strained diplomatic relations. [114] Pericles lived during the first two and a half years of the Peloponnesian War and, according to Thucydides, his death was a disaster for Athens, since his successors were inferior to him; they preferred to incite all the bad habits of the rabble and followed an unstable policy, endeavoring to be popular rather than useful. In the first legendary oration Thucydides puts in his mouth, Pericles advised the Athenians not to yield to their opponents' demands, since they were militarily stronger. [139], In politics, Victor L. Ehrenberg argues that a basic element of Pericles' legacy is Athenian imperialism, which denies true democracy and freedom to the people of all but the ruling state. [41] Pericles may have realized the importance of Cimon's contribution during the ongoing conflicts against the Peloponnesians and the Persians. 0260846171. According to Paparrigopoulos, history vindicated Cimon, because Athens, after Pericles' death, sank into the abyss of political turmoil and demagogy. [166] According to Quintilian, Pericles would always prepare assiduously for his orations and, before going on the rostrum, he would always pray to the gods, so as not to utter any improper word. [169], On the other hand, the ancient sources made it possible to glimpse the personal relations that Pericles had developed with gods. Périclès: L'apogée d'Athènes (Découvertes Gallimard - Histoire) | Brulé, Pierre | ISBN: 9782070532292 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Le Jardin de Périclès Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (French, 1796 - 1875) 12 × 17.3 cm (4 3/4 × 6 13/16 in.) This ban strangled the Megarian economy and strained the fragile peace between Athens and Sparta, which was allied with Megara. The process by which the Delian League transformed into an Athenian empire is generally considered to have begun well before Pericles' time,[59] as various allies in the league chose to pay tribute to Athens instead of manning ships for the league's fleet, but the transformation was speeded and brought to its conclusion by Pericles. Übersetzen Sie alle Bewertungen auf Deutsch, Lieferung verfolgen oder Bestellung anzeigen, Recycling (einschließlich Entsorgung von Elektro- & Elektronikaltgeräten). Plutarch says "granddaughter" of Cleisthenes. The residents of Histiaea, meanwhile, who had butchered the crew of an Athenian trireme, were uprooted and replaced by 2,000 Athenian settlers. [23] The historian Loren J. Samons II argues, however, that Pericles had enough resources to make a political mark by private means, had he so chosen. For men can endure to hear others praised only so long as they can severally persuade themselves of their own ability to equal the actions recounted: when this point is passed, envy comes in and with it incredulity.